Fixing the Oscars – 1955

Best Picture: English Language

THE WINNER: The Night of the Hunter

– Rebel Without a Cause
– All That Heaven Allows
– Marty (original winner)
– East of Eden

Best Picture: Non-English Language

THE WINNER: Pather Panchali

– Ordet
– Les Diaboliques
– Smiles of a Summer Night
– Rififi

Best Actor

THE WINNER: Robert Mitchum (The Night of the Hunter)

– James Dean (Rebel Without a Cause)
– James Dean (East of Eden) (original nominee)
– Ernest Borgnine (Marty) (original winner)
– Laurence Olivier (Richard III) (original nominee)
– Jean Servais (Rififi)

Best Actress

THE WINNER: Jane Wyman (All That Heaven Allows)

– Anna Magnani (The Rose Tattoo)
– Simone Signoret (Les Diaboliques)
– Karuna Bannerjee (Pather Panchali)
– Vera Clouzot (Les Diaboliques)
– Grace Kelly (To Catch a Thief)

Best Supporting Actor

THE WINNER: Sal Mineo (Rebel Without a Cause) (original nominee)

– Richard Conte (The Big Combo)
– Arthur O’Connell (Picnic) (original nominee)
– Jack Lemmon (Mister Roberts) (original winner)
– Akim Tamiroff (Mr. Arkadin)
– Kanu Bannerjee (Pather Panchali)

Best Supporting Actress

THE WINNER: Natalie Wood (Rebel Without a Cause)

– Lillian Gish (The Night of the Hunter)
– Jo Van Fleet (East of Eden) (original winner)
– Rosalind Russell (Picnic)
– Harriet Andersson (Smiles of a Summer Night)
– Gloria Grahame (Oklahoma!)
– Jessie Royce Landis (To Catch a Thief)
– Julie Harris (East of Eden)
– Shirley MacLaine (The Trouble With Harry)

Best Director

THE WINNER: Satyajit Ray (Pather Panchali)

Nicholas Ray (Rebel Without a Cause)
Douglas Sirk (All That Heaven Allows)
Charles Laughton (The Night of the Hunter)
Carl Theodor Dreyer (Ordet)

Best Screenplay

THE WINNER: Paddy Chayefsky (Marty) (original winner)

– Ingmar Bergman (Smiles of a Summer Night)
– Nicholas Ray, Irvin Shulman, Stewart Stern (Rebel Without a Cause)
– James Agee (The Night of the Hunter)
– Luis Buñuel, Eduardo Ugarte, Rodolfo Usigli (The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de la Cruz)

Best Cinematography

THE WINNER: Stanley Cortez (The Night of the Hunter)

– John Alton (The Big Combo)
– Robert Burks (The Trouble With Harry)
– Russell Metty (All That Heaven Allows)
– Robert Burks (To Catch a Thief) (original color winner)

Best Music, Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture

THE WINNER: Ravi Shankar (Pather Panchali)

– Bernard Herrmann (The Trouble With Harry)
– George Duning (Picnic) (original nominee)
– Elmer Bernstein (The Man With the Golden Arm) (original nominee)
– Frank Skinner (All That Heaven Allows)

Best Film Editing

WINNER: Madeleine Gug (Les Diaboliques)
WINNER: Robert Golden (Night of the Hunter)

– George Tomasini (To Catch a Thief)
– Michael Luciano (Kiss Me Deadly)

Best Art Direction

WINNER: Hilyard Brown, Alfred E. Spencer (The Night of the Hunter)

– Hal Pereira, J. McMillan Johnson, Sam Comer, Arthur Krams (To Catch a Thief)
– Léon Barsacq (Les Diaboliques)
– Alexander Golitzen, Richard H. Riedel (art direction), Russell A. Gausman, Julia Heron (sets) (This Island Earth)

Best Costume Design

WINNER: Edith Head (To Catch a Thief)

– Charles Le Maire, Mary Wills (Virgin Queen)
– Mago (Smiles of a Summer Night)

Best Song

WINNER: Michigan Rag from “One Froggy Evening”; Michael Maltese, Chuck Jones and Milt Franklyn

– Something’s Gotta Give from “Daddy Long Legs”; Johnny Mercer (original nominee)
– Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing from “Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing”; Sammy Fain (music), Paul Francis Webster (lyrics) (original winner)
– Manzil ki chaah mein from “Devdas”; Sachin Dev Burman (music), Sahir Ludhianvi (lyrics)
– Unchained Melody from “Unchained”; Alex North (music), Hy Zaret (lyrics) (original nominee)

Best Short

WINNER: One Froggy Evening (Warner Bros./Chuck Jones)

– Speedy Gonzales (Warner Bros./Friz Freleng)
– Nuit et brouillard a.k.a. Night and Fog (Alain Resnais)
– Beanstalk Bunny (Warner Bros./Chuck Jones)
– The Legend of Rockabye Point (Lantz/Tex Avery)

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